生物医学工程学杂志

生物医学工程学杂志

选择性注意与节律性神经振荡关系综述

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选择性注意促进了大脑对外界的感知、协调分配了大脑的有限资源,这一认知过程依赖于注意相关脑网络的神经电活动。节律性的神经振荡作为大脑神经电活动的重要形式,与选择性注意有着紧密的联系。近几十年来,两者的关系成为了热点研究问题。通过外部节律性刺激来引导内部神经振荡发生周期性活动改变的方式,即神经振荡-外部节律同步化作用,为揭示两者关系提供了新的思路,同时也为注意功能障碍的诊疗提供了新的方法。本文就选择性注意与神经振荡关系的研究现状展开了综述讨论,并着重介绍了神经振荡-外部节律同步化作用在揭示两者关系乃至注意功能障碍的诊疗方面的应用前景。

Selective attention promotes the perception of brain to outside world and coordinates the allocation of limited brain resources. It is a cognitive process which relies on the neural activities of attention-related brain network. As one of the important forms of brain activities, neural oscillations are closely related to selective attention. In recent years, the relationship between selective attention and neural oscillations has become a hot issue. The new method that using external rhythmic stimuli to influence neural oscillations, i.e., neural entrainment, provides a promising approach to investigate the relationship between selective attention and neural oscillations. Moreover, it provides a new method to diagnose and even to treat the attention dysfunction. This paper reviewed the research status on the relationship between selective attention and neural oscillations, and focused on the application prospects of neural entrainment in revealing this relationship and diagnosing, even treating the attention dysfunction.

关键词: 选择性注意; 注意相关脑网络; 神经振荡; 神经振荡-外部节律同步化作用; 注意功能障碍

Key words: selective attention; attention-related brain network; neural oscillations; neural entrainment; attention dysfunction

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