生物医学工程学杂志

生物医学工程学杂志

听障学生和健听学生鼻韵母声学及运动学的分析研究

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本研究通过分析听障学生和健听学生普通话鼻韵母的声学和运动学数据,探讨其发音数据差异及不同发音特征间的关系。利用三维电磁发音仪采集 14 名听障学生和 10 名健听学生的鼻韵母发音数据,排除其中 4 名发音错误率较高的听障学生的数据不予分析,然后采用语音学软件和数据处理软件分别提取鼻韵母的声学数据和运动学数据,对试验数据作 t 检验及相关性分析。试验结果表明,与健听学生相比,听障学生的第一共振峰频率(F1)、第二共振峰频率(F2)、舌位以及声学—运动学关系在不同音值下的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05 或P<0.01);听障学生/en/和/eng/所得垂直运动数据—F1 关系与健听学生相同。本文研究结论或可为听障患者康复训练提供指导依据,帮助听障患者提高发音准确率。

The central aim of this experiment was to compare the articulatory and acoustic characteristics of students with normal hearing (NH) and school aged children with hearing loss (HL), and to explore the articulatory-acoustic relations during the nasal finals. Fourteen HL and 10 control group were enrolled in this study, and the data of 4 HL students were removed because of their high pronunciation error rate. Data were collected using an electromagnetic articulography. The acoustic data and kinematics data of nasal finals were extracted by the phonetics and data processing software, and all data were analyzed by t test and correlation analysis. The paper shows that, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05 orP<0.01) in different vowels under the first two formant frequencies (F1, F2), the tongue position and the articulatory-acoustic relations between HL and NH group. The HL group’s vertical movement data-F1 relations in /en/ and /eng/ are same as NH group. The conclusion of this study about participants with HL can provide support for speech healing training at increasing pronunciation accuracy in HL participants.

关键词: 听障学生; 鼻韵母; 三维电磁发音仪; 共振峰

Key words: hearing loss; nasal finals; electromagnetic articulography; formant

引用本文: 王晴, 白静, 薛珮芸, 张雪英, 冯沛. 听障学生和健听学生鼻韵母声学及运动学的分析研究. 生物医学工程学杂志, 2018, 35(2): 198-205. doi: 10.7507/1001-5515.201706007 复制

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